reliant on Infinities’ value for understanding of the concept of infinity as an adjective
An infinite series (note: only series) can be defined by the number created after a certain amount of iterations.
And an example.
(x,y) – > (1,2) (2,4) (3,6) (4,8) (5,10)
(x,y) – > (1,1) (2,4) (3,9) (4,16) (5,25)
Results after fifth iteration:
10 v.s. 25
Therefore we can say that y=x*x is a larger infinite number than y=x*2.
The reason this works is because of the nature of the series. The series does not change its pattern after a time (like sine), so you can take the first few steps of it and determine a difference.